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View of Cape Morris Jesup, view south. Arctic Ocean is in the foreground (Sykes)
Omers Lake along Arctic Ocean in Northeast Greenland (R. Sykes) [Romer Sø?]
View of Centrum Lake to ice cap at south end. Peary Land (R.Sykes)
Needleman and Davies on Greenland Ice Cap during a storm whiteout condition.
Lake Peters near Thule AFB study to determine if lake ice can support aircraft
Cabaniss removing block of ice cut from Lake for strength tests
Underground natural refrigerator dug into permafrost at Alert weather station
Use of a 5 man canvas tent staked down and weighted by large boulders
Air Force SA-16 aircraft reverses propellers to back off the soft mud flood zone
Davies stakes 5-man tent with aid of boulders to protect against storms, wind
Crew of SA-16 aircraft launch pneumatic raft from aircraft for moving personnel
Aerial view of Station Nord, Danish weather station, northeast tip of Greenland
Crew members leave SA-16 aircraft in special exposure suits in Centrum Lake.
Lt. Col. Wilson rests on terrace west of Centrum Lake during reconnaissance
Field reconnaissance of Saefaxi River to Greenland Ice Cap over high terraces
Vegetation on upper terraces of Centrum Lake area toward Greenland Ice Cap.
View of Saefaxi River valley to the high terraces back to the Greenland Ice Cap.
Field party landed at Station Alert, waiting clear weather. Dogs roaming near
SA-16 aircraft unloading supplies and equipment by raft at Bronlunds Fjord.
Aerial view of the airfield site on silt-clay flat at Bronlunds Fjord.
Musk ox is a lone bull near Bronlunds Fjord site. Grazed nearby often.
Bear tracks in mud polygons of soil at Bronlunds Fjord.
Close-up view of soil of silty-clay at Bronlunds Fjord.
Destroyed jeep in foreground. Jack Crowell prepares markings on runway
Needleman tests load-bearing strength of runway at Bronlunds Fjord
Air Force C-124 aircraft lands on runway at Bronlunds Fjord test site
Air Force C-124 aircraft rolls to a stop on runway at Bronlunds Fjord test site
Tire tracks of C-124 aircraft after 1st test landing, Bronlunds Fjord test site
Test pit on runway, Bronlunds Fjord, showing equipment for different soil tests
Air drop of fuel, rations and drinking water onto Bronlunds Fjord. Landed safely
SA-16 amphibious aircraft does a touch and go landing after airdrop
SA-16 aircraft practicing touch and go landing on runway at Bronlunds Fjord.
Air Force C-124 aircraft parked at base camp after test landings
Needleman runs jeep engine daily on back deck of USS Atka, icebreaker
Davies resting in bunk aboard the USS Atka prior to evening meal at Thule.
Helicopter from USS Atka returns to icebreaker after searching route thru ice
Cabaniss examines hinge crack between ice island T-3 and pack ice
Close-up of vegetation on plain of Polaris Promontory.
Count Eigil Knuth, archaeologist, and Dr. Aksel Norvang, geologist
Davies and Capt. Klick discuss ice conditions north of Thule AFB on the USS Atka
Project Leader Needleman discusses projects with skipper of USS Atka and team
Major iceberg en route from Thule AFB to Polaris Promontory.
Helicopter from USS Atka icebreaker lands after making reconnaissance
Capt. Klick stands on frost heave mound on Polaris Promontory, west of site.
Helicopter from USS Atka carries jeep trailer from Polaris Bay to runway site
Iceberg in bay near Thule AFB.
Typical bunks on board the icebreaker, which are more than adequate.
Craven operates radio to transmit and receive traffic from Thule and Atka
Close-up view of vegetation growing on Polaris Promontory.
USS Atka lowers landing craft into ice-packed Polaris Bay
Capt. Klick and Craven carry portable drill from base to core soil near runway
Navy helicopter from USS Atka at Polaris Promontory lands on terrace
Helicopter from USS Atka picks up jeep trailer and transports it to the base
Full view of kitchen area of tent. Hot food was prepared easily at Polaris.
Cover of equipment for Operation Groundhog with appropriate addresses for bases
Lt. Col. Wilson checks level of plain on Polaris Promontory.
Capt. Klick checks soil temperature profile in test pit in runway permafrost
Landing craft from the USS Atka returning to the icebreaker through the icebergs
Helicopter landing caches on shore, Polaris Bay, for use by archaeologist Knuth
Refueling small helicopter from USS Atka at site of Polaris Promontory.
Jeep and trailer on shore of Polaris Bay after landing by barge from USS Atka.
Landing barge headed for shore of Polaris Bay through the floating icebergs
USS Atka, icebreaker anchored in Polaris Bay surrounded by floating icebergs.
Vegetation found on Polaris Promontory in a moist area.
View of Polaris Bay from the landing barge of the USS Atka. Note ice field
USS Atka in Polaris Bay in the middle of sea ice
Helicopter from USS Atka transports camping equipment/supplies to base camp
Landing craft returns to USS Atka in Polaris Bay
Jeep with plow scraped down high spots on runway to level the surface
Engineer samples soil in test pit at 3" intervals; Klick and Craven
Twin peaks located at Teltbakken, south end of Polaris Promontory
Mudcrack pattern on Polaris Promontory showing compactness and pea-size gravel
Close-up view of ice in Independence Fjord near Bronlunds Fjord.
Capt. Klick adds equipment to pack of Needleman prior to reconnaissance
Capt. Klick records soils property data in his field book
Navy helicopter from USS Atka at British boat camp, Newman Bay near Polaris Prom
Survey of runway at Polaris Promontory using radio receiver. Wilson & Davies
Davies USGS completing field notes in sleeping tent at Polaris Promontory Site.
View of well-organized kitchen section of tent.
Craven and Capt. Klick dig test pit in runway on Polaris Promontory.
View of kitchen tent, Polaris Promontory
Ice pedestals formed beneath trailers on Ice Island T-3 due to extreme ablation
View south of Graystone River (Graasten Elv) and base camp at Polaris Promontory
Refueling jeep on runway at Polaris Promontory. Note red flags placed on lake
View of runway on Polaris Promontory. Note base camp at Graystone River
Assembling flags to mark runway on Polaris Promontory. Craven and Wilson
Starting test pit at Polaris Promontory runway. Soil appears cohesive.
Needleman covered by dust produced by scraping surface of runway of Polaris Prom
Helicopter from the USS Atka returning equipment and personnel to the icebreaker
Count Eigil Knuth, archaeologist, gov't.of Denmark, shows report to Atka crew
Lake Hazen Canadian Expedition party transported, Ellesmere Island to Thule
Soils engineer checks rut depth on Polaris Promontory runway after C-130 lands
Close-up of engineering test to determine bearing strength of surface using jeep
Field party: Needleman, Capt. Klick, Craven, Molineux, and Joseph at base camp
Test pit in gravel surface of airstrip at Polaris Promontory. Strongly compacted
Comparison of wheel rut with boot imprint to indicate strength of runway
Effect of grading by tractor leveling high uneven areas on runway, Polaris Promo
Impression on ground by wind whipping flag from prevailing westerly direction
Lt. Col. Wiener USAF Arctic Advisor, and Dr. Weidick, Govt. of Denmark observer
C-130 aircraft being loaded with airdrop bundles of fuel, food and equipment
Smoothing out rough spots on surface of runway at Polaris Promontory.
Disabled jeep is pushed on board Air Force C-130 aircraft by the tractor
C-130 aircraft flying over runway at Polaris Promontory prior to test landings.
Air crew of C-130 which made landing on runway at Polaris Promontory.
Helicopter from USCG Westwind stands by to cover test landing of Aircraft C-130
Air Force C-130 flies low over Polaris Promontory for test landing on runway.
Personnel load patient Dr. Weidick aboard the C-130 test aircraft.
View east to delta and base camp from terrace on S.E. shore. Krinsley foreground
C-54 aircraft flies cover as C-130 land on skis on Centrum Lake. Snow 4-6 feet
Unloading of C-130 aircraft of equipment, supplies and vehicles in the snow
C-130 aircraft off loads equipment, supplies in 4-6 feet of snow on Centrum Lake
C-130 departs Centrum Lake after first landing of equipment and supplies.
C-54 US Air Force aircraft flies cover for C-130 landing on Centrum Lake
Carrying equipment from supply depot on Centrum Lake off loaded by Air Force
Weasel being unloaded from C-130 aircraft on lake of snow-ice cover
Weasel transporting equipment and supplies from cache on Centrum Lake.
Paved road in snow made by weasel for all vehicles and foot traffic
Tractor drives over snow-packed road on Centrum Lake with no difficulty.
Assembling Jamesway hut on delta at Centrum Lake base camp. Needleman, Krinsley,
Installing thermistor cable into drill hole through snow and ice of Centrum Lake
Unwinding thermistor cable mounted on floating platform of 2 empty 55 gal drums.
Unwinding cable through drill hole to measured depth.Maher and Jokel
Live steam is used to melt permafrost for installation of thermocouple in delta
View east-northeast of delta and relative topography in area approaching 350 ft.
Jokela, field assistant, unwinding thermistor cable through drill hole
Digging test pit and installing thermocouple into permafrost below the delta
Frank Maher installing thermocouple into pit to measure air and ground temp.
View of weasel and sled on Centrum Lake which has a snow and ice cover.
View of base camp at Centrum Lake with snow cover 2 feet. NE Greenland
Snow-ice pit for drinking water and storing supplies in fiberglass containers
Weasel tows sled with snow-ice supply from ice pits in Centrum Lake for water
Melted elliptical shape snow mound in snow cover of delta at Centrum Lake.
Centrum Lake melting near center area. Weasel negotiates soft ice easily
Measuring ice thickness by tape measure in hole in ice of Centrum Lake
Proposed runway on the delta at Centrum Lake.
Dan Krinsley, USGS, stands at point of drainage of Saefaxi River into lake
Army weasel ground party from US Army Lead Dog Operation on main ice cap
View northeast from terrace north of flood plain and Saefaxi River
View north across flood plain and Saefaxi River toward south end of Centrum Lake
Centrum Lake moat is widening. Frank Maher is probing the safety of ice
Saefaxi River flows into Centrum Lake (south end) from terrace level,
Moat at Centrum Lake is widening. Frank Maher is probing the safety of the ice
Frank Maher is standing on ice float breaking off from ice cover on Centrum Lake
A thermistor cable site (#341) on Centrum Lake. On inflated pneumatic sled
Frank Maher stands in Saefaxi River which drains into Centrum River and measures
Close-up aerial view, edge of Greenland Ice Cap in Centrum Lake area
Checking edge of Greenland Ice Cap for access route to Centrum Lake
Krinsley arrives on Greenland Ice Cap, US Army Lead Dog Camp, by helicopter
Centrum Lake base camp flag raising ceremony as high tower (radio and meteor)
Soil polygons at Centrum Lake on delta, permafrost under soil indicated
Needleman sits on pneumatic raft - instrumentation station. Rapid melting
Aerial view of drainage from Saefaxi River into floodplain south of Centrum Lake
Weasel sled carrying chunks of ice from Lake to be used for drinking water
Sergeant Parilli, US Army, observes the development of the moat at the south end
View west of Saefaxi River, delta on left. Note soils polygons and damp surface.
US Army helicopter forced to land at edge of Centrum Lake as storm comes in
Measuring ice thickness of Centrum Lake in thawing condition.
Centrum Lake is melting . Free water on surface, several holes in ice developed
Moat forming on Centrum Lake. Ice and gravel mounds pushed ashore by wind
View across flood plain of the Saefaxi River in partial drying condition.
Gauging water level in moat at Centrum Lake to monitor melt conditions
Aertial view of Centrum Lake airstrip on delta.
Field party checks C-130 airdrops on the delta for damage and reports results
Access route - Greenland Ice Cap to Centrum Lake base by Graeselv River
Airdrops from aircraft onto Centrum Lake delta containing fuel, rations, mail
Needleman checks edge of delta under snowcover and drainage features
Using live steam to melt permafrost to be able to drill into the frozen zone
Aerial view, patterned ground of soil polygons on delta at Centrum Lake.
Using heated crowbar chisel to chop frozen soil and extend the drill hole
Air view of Centrum Lake Base Camp toward the north. Note thawed Saefaxi River,
Airstrip at Centrum Lake seen through helicopter window. Ice cover
Aerial view northeast section of delta at Centrum Lake. Saefaxi River
Closer view of airstrip at Centrum Lake through window of helicopter. Ice cover
View of delta, west-northwest, Centrum Lake, Graeselv River - braided stream
Base camp at Centrum Lake from the flood plain. View west
Close-up of snow mound in melting condition of snow cover.
View of small snow mounds along centerline of runway on delta at Centrum Lake.
Limestone formation on east-southeast shore of Centrum Lake.
Man on limestone formation (contact with sandstone) on east-southeast Lake shore
Old Eskimo tent rings on lower terrace at Centrum Lake.
View east of Graeselv River, braided stream, flowing across flood plain
Aerial view of delta at Centrum Lake. Note braided stream of Graeselv River
Drilling 90 drill holes through the snow and ice cover of Centrum Lake
Jamesway hut used for sleeping quarters of the field party.
Constable Bay from Koffee Klub Island (Kaffeklubben O) on Arctic Ocean
Desert vegetation at Centrum Lake.
Wooden drag weighted with 5 gal cans of water and rock to grade runway
High terrace at west end of delta of Centrum Lake.
World aeronautical chart covering Independence Fjord area northeast Greenland.
Test pit in runway at Centrum Lake. Permafrost 36" deep. Melt water in bottom
View northwest of Saefaxi River flowing past delta at Centrum Lake.
View northwest, Centrum Lake airstrip midpoint, base camp west of touchdown
Field party (Needleman, Capt. Klick, Sgt. Craven) leave base camp
Base camp at Bronlunds Fjord. Hard mud cracks of silty-clay. Crowell, Stoertz
Base camp on shore of Bronlunds Fjord. Needleman and Lt. Col. Wilson, USAF
SA-16 aircraft, amphibious, ski-wheeled, lands in Centrum Lake and becomes mired
Personnel are using raft to unload SA-16 aircraft which became mired in the mud
Air Force C-124 flying over runway at low altitude at Bronlunds Fjord
Count Knuth digs under boulders of old Eskimo [Inuit] tent ring, Centrum Lake
Sign: Arctic Terrain Research Program of US Air Force
Sign: Type of Arctic terrain features studied by Air Force
Helicopter from USS Atka searches for clear water through pack ice field
Sael So. (Seal Sea). (R. Sykes)
Grass tussocks on delta at Centrum Lake.
Close-up view of frozen icebergs [floes] in Independence Fjord.
Dan Krinsley prepares thermocouple prior to installation into a test pit
Seismic tests on Ice Island T-3. Note use of snow blocks to prevent interference
Air Force C-47 on skis lands on Ellesmere Island Ice Shelf.
Bulldozer clearing air strip on Ellesmere Island Ice Shelf.
Nick Apollonio, Bowdoin College graduate, installs oceanographic equipment [Spencer Apollonio]
Spencer Apollonio, Bowdoin student, operates oceanographic station equipment [Actually Spencer Apollonio Class of 1955]
Pressure ridges at edge of Air Force Ice Island T-3.
Pack ice near Ice Island T-3.
Preparing ice surface for pond to be flooded on sea ice runway.
Laying out seismic cable in North Star Bay on sea ice near Thule AFB.
Reading deflectometers installed in sea ice north of North Star Bay near Thule
Air Force scientists on U.S.S. Atka. Needleman, Wilson, Klick, Craven, Davies, ?
Lt. Col. Wilson holds sign for special detachment of Operation Groundhog,Thule
View south to flood plain and Saefaxi River draining into Centrum Lake. Corp
Count Eigil Knuth, Danish archaeologist, examining old Eskimo [Inuit] tent ring
Count Eigil Knuth, Danish archaeologist, digs in old Eskimo [Inuit] tent rings
Count Eigil Knuth, Danish archaeologist, digs for artifacts in old tent ring
Skeleton of musk ox found at Centrum Lake.
Frank Maher standing on gravel pushed by Centrum Lake ice onto northwest shore.
Needleman stands amid a series of old Eskimo [Inuit] tent rings located on terrace
Close-up view of old Eskimo [Inuit] tent ring at Centrum Lake's northwest shore terrace.
Kinsella and Blackmon refilling drinking water containers
Kinsella and Blackmon pour drinking water from truck to sled to flush
Close-up view of Jamesway hut for sleeping quarters and operations office
Two outboard motors parked on south shore of Centrum Lake
Weasel vehicle group at Centrum Lake Base that originated on ice cap
Crevasse detector mounted in an array form in front of the lead scout weasels
Closer view of crevasse detector array in front of a scout weasel.
Close-up view of single dish of array as a crevasse detector
View west of Centrum Lake Base Camp. Radio antennas and moist soil
Melting snow mounds on runway on delta at Centrum Lake. Note tents of base camp
Soil polygons at Centrum Lake indicating permafrost underlying the surface.
Ridge between soil polygons reflects stripe pattern ground overlying permafros
Resupply of Lake Peters by C-47 on skis; Northwest Greenland near Thule
Ice coring on Ice Island T-3 (Columbia University student Isacks).
Loading jeep with plow into USS Atka landing barge for transport to shore
Debris and large rock on T-3 ice island, Arctic Ocean. Cabaniss is geologist
Royal Canadian Mounted Police escorting Eskimo [Inuit] children from Ellesmere Island
Aerial view of Cape Morris Jesup; ocean in partial melt; southwest to ice cap
Helicopter survey of Peary Land sites staging from Centrum Lake Base, crew
Celebrating July 4, 1960 at Centrum Lake Base Camp. Anemometer and weather vane
Kitchen in Jamesway hut. Water in fiberglass and aluminum containers
Aerial view of Centrum Lake delta, to northeast. Base camp in background
Surveying of base camp into areal [sp?] map of Centrum Lake area
Jamesway hut for sleeping quarters,
Kinsellar, surveyor, is checking base line of airstrip from Centrum Lake Base
Aerial view of Cape Bridgeman along coast of the Arctic Ocean.
Cape Harald Moltke near site of Bronlunds Fjord, Peary Land.
Tractor carrying tread-ways used to cross rivers and soft areas
Craven, radio operator and technical assistant in kitchen tent.
Geology party of Needleman, Davies, and Klick leave base camp to examine sites
Stoertz of USGS operates penetrometer to determine bearing strength of soil load
[Spencer Apollonio, Bowdoin graduate, on] Ice Island T-3 observing east end of island
Deflectometer installation in sea ice. Tire is runway marker. Sea ice near T-3
US Army helicopter lands personnel of USAF on Lake Peters near Thule AFB.
Drilling hole for deflectometer tests on sea ice runway at Thule Bay. Bulldozer
Frederick E. Hyde Fjord near Kap Bridgeman near Arctic Ocean (by R. Sykes).
Realist electric battery stereo slide viewer. Main unit.
Realist electric battery stereo slide viewer. Display box.
Realist electric battery stereo slide viewer. Battery operated light.
Realist electric battery stereo slide viewer. AC powered light.
Realist electric battery stereo slide viewer. Operating instructions.
Kodak Stereo Camera
Leather case for Kodak Stereo Camera
Operating instructions for Kodak Stereo Camera
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Last updated: 03/24/2023